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Older people with underlying conditions (65+ yrs in USA )


Younger people with underlying conditions

TB patients and those with additional underlying conditions

  • There is no verified data on how coronavirus affects TB patients to date “Tuberculosis this is a disease of the lungs”
  • Follow the World Health Organization (WHO) Information Note Tuberculosis and COVID-19
  • Confirm and take your medical practitioner’s advice regarding current medication.
  • Is it possible that “Active or latent tuberculosis increases susceptibility to COVID-19 and disease severity”. This is still being researched and no data or verified proof to date, see medRxiv Article 1.
  • Is there a link why some Covid 19 patients have a better chance of survival and or getting sick with coronavirus? “Correlation between universal BCG vaccination policy and reduced morbidity and mortality for COVID-19  has been reported to offer broad protection to respiratory infections. BCG vaccination has been reported to offer broad protection to respiratory infections. We compared a large number of countries BCG vaccination policies with the morbidity and mortality for COVID-19. We found that countries without universal policies of BCG vaccination (Italy, Nederland, USA) have been more severely affected compared to countries with universal and long-standing BCG policies.”,  is still being researched and is not conclusive see medRxiv Article 2.

HIV positive people

“Stay at home, Don’t move around. Contain the spread”


  • Currently travellers going to all infected areas, cities and countries.
  • New people arriving and entering these areas may not been under quarantine, some people may show no signs of infection and may be asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic. see Singapore, new infection increase, after borders were opened. President has ordered a new lock- down period. “Singapore had fewer than 10 [COVID-19] cases a day 3 weeks ago; in the last 2 weeks, we had 50 new cases daily,” he said, adding: “Most of the cases were imported from overseas, of whom mostly were Singaporeans returning home.” dated 3rd April 2020

Why you must know how to recognize the signs and symptoms of COVID-19

The complete clinical picture with regards to novel coronavirus is still not clear as this is a new disease. New information and data are being collected daily by the WHO to better understand the disease and how it infects people differently.

Once a person has been exposed to coronavirus, signs, and symptoms may start in as little as 2 days or take as long as 14 days.

“Do your part.”


11 Reasons why it is important to recognise the symptoms of Covid-19

  • You may save your or someone else’s life if you act early enough and self-isolate to prevent the spread.
  • No one is considered to be immune to becoming ill once they’re exposed to the COVID-19 virus.
  • A test kit cannot help once you infected, it only indicates that you test positive or negative for the covid virus.
  • Should you or others contract covid-19, most people get mildly ill, some get severely ill and may be life threatening.
  • There is no cure for this disease at this time.
  • No drugs or medication is known to assist combating this disease.
  • Your body has to fight it with its own immune system which may not be strong enough.
  • If your body cannot heal by itself, you may need hospitalization and eventually a respirator to assist your body to heal itself.
  • The average number of days on a respirator is between 12 to 20 days.
  • A vaccination according to the best scientist and the WHO is about 12 to 18 months away.
  • Only then will they mass manufacture this new drug.

Will you always be able to recognise the signs and symptoms.

Not in all cases, the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 are non-specific. This means that the disease presents itself differently in patients. Some people that are mildly infected suddenly get severely sick over a short period of time, maybe only a few hours and require hospitalisation.

  • Asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic people (display no obvious signs or symptoms) are now thought to be the main carriers of this disease. They show no signs and are not aware that they are infected with the disease.
  • Those with mild symptoms (similar flu-like symptoms often associated with the common cold)
  • The severe cases, they have respiratory illness (such as pneumonia). They will require immediate hospitalisation. In the case of severe or critical illness, the risk of complications increases and the complications can be life threatening.

What are the typical signs and symptoms?

Most common symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Coughing up slime (producing sputum in the lungs)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle or joint ache or pain
  • Body chills
  • Sudden Loss of smell
  • Sudden loss of taste

The WHO statistics on symptoms in reported cases to date are as follows:

  • Fever……………………………………………80%
  • Dry cough……………………………………..68%
  • Fatigue…………………………………………38%
  • Coughing up slime (producing sputum in the lungs) …33%
  • Shortness of breath………………………….19%

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